In certain individuals, what causes allergies is that the immune system may over react to the presence of harmless proteins also known as allergens. This over reaction to allergen exposures is not instantaneous; it is a gradual process, which begins as the body immune system develops antibodies to override these allergens. More so, as the body is continuously exposed to allergens, the immune system produces higher quantity of antibodies that breaks down masts cells, which in turn releases chemicals known as histamine thereby leading to more severe allergies.
In situations like this, the individual who is allergic to such proteins may tend to be hypersensitive to such substances. If these substances venture into the body system, the mast cells will be broken down leading to symptoms, which are noticeable on the skin, lungs, intestinal tracts, chest, respiratory tracks and other parts of the body.
The most common allergies symptoms:
Allergies symptoms are not the same in individuals even when exposed to the same allergens. However, there are several symptoms, which are common with most allergies, and they include:
- Sinus pain
- Abdominal cramp
- Skin rashes
- Face swelling
- Running nose and
- Watery eyes
- Anaphylaxis (in cases where the symptoms are life threatening).
Types of allergies:
Allergies can be classified into types based on the sources of allergens. Therefore, we have the following types of allergies:
- Drug allergies: Some people are allergic to drugs, though in most cases these reactions may occur as a side effect to drugs (medicine) instead of allergens. In order to understand the cause of drug reaction is allergies, a patience history to drugs may be required.
- Food allergies: Several individuals react to different kinds of food. Food intolerance may lead to allergies, which can be associated with vomiting and nausea.
- Latex allergies: People react to the smell and feel of natural rubber (latex). Such individuals experience several symptoms when they wear latex gloves, condoms, balloons and other rubber wears.
- Pet allergies: Some individuals are allergic to pets with fur. Such pets like dogs, cats, rats etc. are naturally man’s best friend. However, people have made efforts to reproduce allergy-free breeds of pets but to no success. Hence, pets are still the major causes of allergies.
- Insect allergies: Reactions to insect bits of stings can be allergic, though insect allergies can still come from non-stinging insects like dust mite and cockroaches. These two have been found to be the major causes of insect allergies and asthma.
From the last two aforementioned types of allergies, we have found that dog, cats and dust mites are the major causes of year-round allergies. Therefore, in the following paragraphs, we shall be discussing these three causes of allergies, their symptoms, management and possible treatment.
How dog allergies symptoms occur, possible prevention techniques and treatment.
Statistics has it that there is a detectable amount of dog dander in every American home. However, the 2012 statistics also shows that only 36.5% of American homes keep dogs as pet. How then did substantial amount of dog dander get into every U.S. home? Nevertheless, this has led to the people who have never kept dogs as pet experiencing dog allergies. In order to know if you are having dog allergies, the following symptoms will explain:
- Skin reactions
- Coughing and squeezing
- Running and stuffy nose
- Itching on body parts
Some people harbor the notion that dog furs are the major causes of dog allergies thereby preferring short-haired dogs to long-haired dogs. However, scientific test results have come to debunk such notions with a clearer fact that the major causes of dog allergies result from dander, urine and saliva.
There are several ways of treating dog allergies, these may include:
- Use standard over-the-counter dog allergy drugs like Antihistamines, which may include drugs like Zyrtec, Benadryl, Claritin or Allegra. All these drugs reduce the effects of histamine that trigger allergy symptoms.
- Use decongestants like Sudafed and Allegra-D to decongest the respiratory track if symptoms occur.
- Use prescriptive drugs in severe cases like asthma.
Prevention they say is better than cure. In order to stay safe from dog allergies, you need to observe the following
- Maintain a good distance from dogs. Always give a clear demarcation where dogs are permitted enter in your home.
- Always use your preventive medication to reduce symptoms if you must keep a dog as pet.
- Run a test to be sure what you are reacting to is dog allergies.
- See your physician if you experience new symptoms.
- Use vacuum cleaners regularly while sanitizing your home or office.
- Use air conditioner to filter the air in other to eliminate the dander.
- Do not let your dogs lie on your bed.
How cat allergy symptoms occur, possible prevention techniques or treatment.
When one or more allergens produced by cat causes abnormal reactions and symptoms on an individual, the person is said to be having cat allergy symptoms. Statistics have shown that a double of the number Americans with dog allergies have cat allergies. Some of the associated symptoms may include:
- Change of skin color where cat licked, scratched or bit.
- Red eyes
- Runny and stuffy nose
The major causes of cat allergies are cat dander (dead skins), saliva and urine. Cat dander can settle on most materials such as walls, clothes, carpets thereby making it easier to enter the body system, causing reactions and symptoms to occur.
There are several ways of preventing cat allergy symptoms and they include:
- By using HEPA vacuum cleaners to sanitize your home.
- Be cautious in keeping away cats from your living rooms and bedrooms.
- Since cats are sneakier than dogs, always shut the doors to the rooms where you do not want them to enter.
- Do not always keep close contact with cats.
- Use air conditioners to treat your air.
- Run a test to be certain of what you suffer.
- See your physician if you suffer symptoms other than what we have aforementioned.
Nevertheless, in cases where prevention was not able to control the possibilities of having such cat allergy symptoms, you should use the following treatment advice:
- Use antihistamine drugs to prevent reactions from allergens.
- Use corticosteroids like Flonase and Nasonex.
- Some over the counter drugs may be helpful.
- Prevent the release of immune system chemical by taking drugs like Cromolyn Sodium.
- Immunotherapy or allergy shots can help to make you non-sensitive to allergens.
- Salt water and Nasal lavage can be kept in homes to help remedy the situations when symptoms occur.
How dust mite allergy symptoms occur, possible prevention techniques or treatment.
Dust mites are microscopic insects that feed on dead tissues or flakes that fall off the human body. It naturally leaves in the dust and produces over 200 times its body weight as excreta. These waste product produced by the dust mite are the major causes of dust mite allergies. These waste products get into the human body system when one inhales dusts.
The symptoms of dust mite allergy are the same with dog and cat allergy listed above.
Some of the techniques of preventing dust mite allergies may include:
- By dusting and vacuuming your home regularly.
- Use dust-proof covers to cover your pillows and mattresses.
- Wash your linens thoroughly.
- Eliminate all possible sources of dust.
- Wash your rugs regularly; vacuuming may not be efficient.
- Do not over decorate your home in order to reduce dust mite havens.
- Use air conditioners to moderate and keep air humidity stable.
The most effective treatment to dust mite allergy symptoms is best prescribed by your physician. After carrying out all these to prevent dust mite allergies, you should get to see an immunologists if symptoms persists.
In all, it is advisable to run a skin or blood test when you notice symptoms relating to the ones we have aforementioned, so that you will be sure of what is wrong with you in order to follow the right procedure in treating or preventing future occurrence. Therefore, always keep a good rapport with your healthcare provider in order to manage what causes your allergies, symptoms and treatment professionally.